DANTE ALIGHIERI – THE MEDIEVAL FATHER OF HUMANISM
In 2021, we mark seven hundred years since the loss of one of the symbols of literature and Humanism, and arguably the greatest and most influential poet of the Western world - Dante Alighieri (c. 1265 – 1321). It would be a difficult task for one to find an educated person that hasn’t heard of that name and that’s not a result made by an elaborated marketing strategy.
In fact, Dante wasn’t so popular among his contemporaries and the following epoch. His best-known work – Divine comedy – was considered too “medieval”, tragical, and rough for the standards demanded by the rigorous and Classical Greece oriented criteria of the Renaissance. It was during the Romantic era, centuries later, that Dante was re-discovered and awed as one of the most important foundations for establishing the universe of Literature as we know it today. Along with Geoffrey Chaucer and Giovanni Boccaccio, Dante was one of the first poets who published in vernacular language instead of Latin, which was the common one among the scholars and intellectuals at that time. In 13th-14th century Europe that was regarded as a revolution and indeed, it was. For, it made it possible for ordinary people to read and learn in their mother tongue, and not long after that, it gave confidence to them to create and express themselves in their natural verbal patterns.
This year the city of Florence has prepared various events, exhibitions, and conferences commemorating one of its greatest poets – Dante Alighieri. Our annual conference SGEM Florence “The magic of the Renaissance” is part of that wonderful program. For that reason, this year’s special panel of SGEM Florence ART is devoted to the poet.
Don’t hesitate and join the extended session - Dante Alighieri – The Medieval father of Humanism!
Topics on focus
THE DIVINE COMEDY +The Divine Comedy is Dante’s best-known and arguably one of the most famous works of literature in the history of western culture. It was written in the period 1308-1321, just before the death of the poet. Although, the plot of the poem is relatively simple – Dante (as a main character) takes on a transcendental journey through Hell, Purgatory, and Heaven – the structure of each realm and the philosophical, moral, historical, and aesthetic implications are quite complex. Divine Comedy adopts the form of the classical epic poem but the content and ideas are rather Christian. The eternal soul that ascends towards…
CONVIVIO +In the Convivio Dante builds the bridge between his political thought and his perception of human nature and blind will, which have to be guided by reason. The pope’s appetite for secular power was in contradiction with his role as a spiritual guide and the lack of a strong empire and worldly order and laws resulted, Dante’s speculated, in the political and social chaos of the time.In his later work, De Monarchia, Dante elaborated upon his ideas from Convivio, bringing back his arguments that the Roman Empire should not derive its political authority from the Pope. At the conclusion of…